It is estimated that 23% of the Lake's phosphorus load is being contributed by NY agricultural land use practices. Farm operators in the Lake Champlain Basin are working to reduce
their potential for contributing to the Lake Champlain Phosphorus restricted diet. Many of the Lake's farming operations are participating in the voluntary program known as the
Agricultural Environmental Management Program. Any farm in the Basin can contact their local Soil and Water Conservation District to learn how they can participate in the
New York State Agricultural Environmental Management Program. This program allows the farm to inventory all resource concerns of the farm and to establish a conservation plan
to implement any best management practices where practicable to reduce their potential to contribute non-point pollution factors. This program comes with incentives to assist
in the implementation of eligible farming practices.
There are ongoing research projects being carried out by the USDA NRCS on private farms that enhance the science behind the recommendations of best management practices. Partners at Cornell Cooperative Extension are collecting yield data from farms to help gain accuracy of soil test recommendations.
When a farm follows a conservation plan, the farm is able to allocate nutrients to fields based on the results of a soil test that shows when, where and how much of a particular nutrient each field needs to produce a specified crop. Conservation plans create healthy soils that retain more water for the crop root uptake, and help the farm to be more efficient with fertilizer costs. Farmers are using best management practices that help reduce phosphorus concentrations in the Lake from becoming too high by: